What is sterilization technique?
Sterilization techniques include all the means used to completely eliminate or destroy living microorganisms on any object, including tools used to test or treat patients..
Does sterilization kill viruses?
Sterilization refers to any process that removes, kills, or deactivates all forms of life (in particular referring to microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, spores, unicellular eukaryotic organisms such as Plasmodium, etc.)
How does autoclaving kill bacteria?
Steam sterilization, in the form of an autoclave, uses the first method, coagulation, to kill microorganisms. … The steam inside the autoclave is the agent by which the moist heat attacks the microorganisms, thus causing them to coagulate and die.
What are the three methods of sterilization?
Three primary methods of medical sterilization occur from high temperature/pressure and chemical processes.Plasma Gas Sterilizers. … Autoclaves. … Vaporized Hydrogen Peroxide Sterilizers.
What are the 4 methods of sterilization?
Sterilization can be achieved by a combination of heat, chemicals, irradiation, high pressure and filtration like steam under pressure, dry heat, ultraviolet radiation, gas vapor sterilants, chlorine dioxide gas etc.
Why is autoclaving the most effective way of sterilization?
Autoclaving is accepted as being the most effective and most efficient way of sterilization. Moist heat autoclaves work on a time and temperature relationship. Higher temperatures are important for more rapid killing of microorganisms.